Electronic Scholarly Editions – Kenneth Price

“Mere digitizing produces information; in contrast, scholarly editing produces knowledge.”

This quote sums up Price’s entire article. He is arguing that the mere digitization of texts allows us to see the text similarly to the way it would be presented to us in print form; electronic scholarly editions however allow us to engage in closer reading with the text by providing the reader access to much more than just the final product.

Price, in the article “Electronic Scholarly Editions”, states that the reason people are making electronic scholarly editions is due to the fact that they have the ability to contain a great deal more than just the text itself. There is no longer a limit to what a scholar can “fit on a page or afford to produce within the economics of print publishing”.

A group of scholars, when given access to the appropriate resources, has the ability to produce an edition of great quality that contains within it multiple layers of data and information; an edition that essentially reveals much more than just the end product.

The ability to include the material scholars worked from in order to create the edition is something I find extremely interesting. The reader is not only introduced to the final piece of text or the finished work but rather can experience the journey from the beginning and see what exactly went into the creation of that piece of text. Scholars have the ability to include audio and video clips, high-quality colour reproductions of artworks and interactive maps. The electronic scholarly edition thus could be viewed as a gateway into a new world of textual experience.

One has the ability to completely immerse oneself in the text and perhaps even the thought-process of the author or poet if multiple editions are available to view side-by-side. It is not surprising then why electronic editions have essentially deepened interest in the nature of textuality itself.

Price states that a great deal of twentieth-century editing, and many centuries before, was based solely on finding an authoritative text based on “final intentions”. However, there tends to be numerous versions of particular texts. that are quite often forgotten when the final draft has been completed. It’s quite astonishing that with new developments in electronic editing we may have to ability to view all versions of certain texts, not only variations of one text in particular but also those deemed valuable that we would otherwise be unable to view. Price emphasises the ability of authors to take complete ownership of their work in that they have the ability to edit their piece, add in their thought-process and highlight the changes made and even why they were made.

However, one must also question whether the purity of an edition can be spoiled if there are no restrictions and no limitations on the amount of changes that can be made to that particular edition. If something can be altered indefinitely then does it eventually lose all of its original quality?

Price highlights that electronic scholarly edition is an enterprise that relies heavily on the collaboration of many people. Significant digital projects cannot be undertaken alone and editors, he states, now have to deal with more issues than they would have previously with print. Collaboration with technical experts is necessary in this field of work as knowledge of technical issues is required to make collaboration successful. Electronic editing thus can be a daunting task but it is also a field of never-ending possibility.

Price also suggests that because software and hardware are constantly changing and advancing, it is important that electronic scholarly editions adhere to international standards. Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), he explains, will eventually be XML only. XML, or extensible markup language, is often referred to as the acid-free paper of the digital age. This is due to the fact that it is platform-independent and not protected by trademark, patent or copyright. XML thus has the ability to meet the demands of long-term electronic preservation.

XML allows editors to determine which part of the text is important or of major interest by tagging or labelling the specific area of text with something known as a markup. XML allows for flexibility. In the case of the The Walt Whitman Archive  structural features of the manuscript are tagged. For example where there line breaks, stanzas and even where Whitman himself had made revisions to the text.

Thus, the electronic scholarly edition allows one to engage with the text in a way that is unavailable in print. It is no longer only what is on the surface that is deemed important but also what lies beneath the surface.

Price argues that traditional boundaries are blurring before our eyes and now publishers, librarians and scholars increasingly take on overlapping functions. While some may see this as negative, Price highlights that it allows extensive room for creativity. People from different areas of work can provide their own interpretation of texts, sometimes varying significantly from one another.

The electronic scholarly edition is also contributing to the democratisation of learning; people worldwide with a web browser now have access to an extensive range of material that was once hidden away. We now have an extremely large library available at our finger tips-something I believe we should take advantage of and appreciate immensely.

Bibliography

Price, K. “Electronic Scholarly Editions”. A Companion to Digital Literary Studies. Blackwell DTD, 2012. Web. 20 Jan. 2013.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s